Posts by: wpadmin

Is gambling a bigger threat to sport than drugs?

By on December 18, 2018

Good evening, everyone. I start by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land on which we meet this evening, the Wiradjuri people of Kulin Nation, and thank them for their care of the land and pay my respects to their elders, past and present. My name is Betty Leask, Pro Vice-chancellor (Teaching and Learning) at La Trobe University.

On behalf of the university, I welcome you to the fourth event for the Bold Thinking series, 2016, “Is gambling a bigger threat to sport than drugs?” Tonight, we’ll hear from a panel of experts about the paradox of gambling in citadel casinos canada, and the broader integrity issues around cheating to win and cheating to lose, in sport. I’m very pleased to say that La Trobe is one of Australia’s leading universities for sport-related teaching and research, and I’m delighted indeed that this topic is included in the Bold Thinking series. On tonight’s panel, on my right, we have Professor Russell Hoye, Director of La Trobe Sport, whose research interests cover corporate governance, public policy, volunteer management and the impact of sport on individuals and society.

He has been chief investigator on three Australian Research Council grants, and a Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council grant. We also have Catherine Audway, who is a Professor of Practice in Sports Management at La Trobe University. She’s a specialist in anti-doping and code of conduct disputes. She appeared in over 30 anti-doping hearings in the lead up to the Sydney Olympic Games and works with the Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority. Joining Professors Russell Hoye and Catherine Audway is the AFL Players Association CEO, Paul Marsh, and leading investigative journalist, Nick McKenzie.

Paul Marsh has been the AFL Players Association CEO since 2014 and, prior to that, was the CEO of the Australian Cricketers Association. He’s also served as the executive chairman of the Federation of International Cricketers Association, FICA, and been chairman and board member of the Athletics Alliance Australia. Nick McKenzie is one of Australia’s leading investigative journalists, and I’m sure many of you are familiar with his face. He was … and his writings ! (laughter) He has won Australia’s highest journalism award, the Walkley Award, seven times, for his investigations into contemporary issues, including police corruption, corporate corruption, and organised crime and doping in sport. I’ll now hand over to tonight’s host, radio personality and former journalist, Francis Leach, for what promises to be a robust discussion.

Please join me in welcoming tonight’s expert panel. Francis Leach Thank you very much. Thank you for coming here tonight.

It’s great timing that we’re holding this event at this particular time, because it comes off the back of another Olympic Games. And as someone who grew up idolising the Olympic Games, today I had an amazing moment: Mack Horton came into my radio studio and he pulled out of his pocket his Olympic gold medal, and I held it in my hand, and the ten-year-old boy inside me nearly cried with joy. It was an amazing experience to hold it in my hand and, in a sense, it restored my faith in the idea of the Olympics which I grew up with. I was a kid that loved the Olympic Games. Abebe Bikila; I was obsessed with that story of him running barefoot and winning a gold medal in the marathon, and any number of stories like that.

Yet, as a grown man, over the last two weeks I’ve looked at the start line of most Olympic events with a heavy heart and a jaded eye and wondered which clean athlete was amongst the cheats who were predominant there. And that had more to do with, I think, my view of world sport now than maybe it did of them, but unfortunately, that’s where we are when it comes to the world of sport in 2016, for better or for worse. And that’s why at a forum like this tonight, it’s important to have this conversation.

All of our panellists have an expertise in different areas of the fight against corruption and the maintenance of integrity in sport, and that’s what we’re going to explore with them this evening. But I guess the first thing we have to do when we’re doing it, is identify the threat itself: just how real is it and what is the future of sport if we, indeed, fail to meet it? So I’ll start with you, Catherine. Just how deep and how urgent is the threat to sport integrity at the moment, if we have an overarching view of sport around the world as we know it?

Catherine Audway Well, I think it’s important to distinguish between cheating to win – which is doping, that you mentioned already – and cheating to lose, which is becoming more and more prevalent, and the title of tonight’s forum is about: “Is gambling a bigger threat than doping?” I think gambling of itself is perhaps not the big issue – we could spend an entire night talking about whether or not we like gambling in sport, but it’s here – what the issue is, is whether people are fixing and trying to determine the outcome in advance. Now, I didn’t get a sense during the Olympic Games this time that that’s what we had, that we had gambling-related integrity issues, but certainly in the lead-up to Rio, doping was the big issue.

So I guess they’re the two main concerns for sport at the moment. Francis Leach Russell, when you look at sport these days, does your eye trust what you see? Russell Hoye I think the fan in me tries to be quite (inaudible) looking at sport in its pure sense, and I think, depending on which sport you’re watching, if I’m watching some international soccer, I might have a different view, if I’m watching South American soccer, a very different view, and then if you’re watching under-12 soccer in Melbourne, it’s a different view again.

So it really depends on what sport you’re looking at. International cricket, I would never bet on it, or probably pay a subscription. Francis Leach Paul, as somebody who’s been involved from the point of view of the participants from professional sports people, your level of trust in the integrity of what your members are involved in, when you watch a game of cricket, an IPL game, are you confident when you watch that the messages to your constituents have got through and that they’re actually meeting the standard that you ask them to meet?

Paul Marsh I’ve always thought, from an Australian perspective, I’ve never seen or had any reason to believe there was an issue with Australian cricketers, but there certainly have been times where we’ve seen games, or parts of games, where there’s no doubt that there have been integrity issues. So I’ve seen firsthand: I’ve had players in my cricket days report integrity issues to me directly, so I know it exists in cricket and other sports and so, in my view, this is the biggest threat to the integrity of sport. Francis Leach Is gambling; the money?

Paul Marsh I think so. Match-fixing, I think, is the biggest issue. Francis Leach Nick, you’ve done it from the other side of the fence: watching people who’ve tried to affect the outcome of sporting events when it’s either drugs or gambling. If you had to choose, if we’re going make a choice, as the theme of this event is: gambling or drugs is a threat to the integrity of sport, which one do you reckon poses the biggest threat?

Nick McKenzie I’m going to be a copout and say they both pose equal threats, and they’re not mutually exclusive, because you can dope a horse, if it’s going to go faster and you’re betting on it, you’re cheating and you’re doping to win. I guess in terms of my view, I’ve got this very jaundiced view, because my job is in finding the bad stuff, and I’m amazed how often cheating and corruption happens in Melbourne; I mean, there are syndicates with organised crime figures, notorious drug traffickers, who have cups of coffee with AFL players, talent scouts. It’s happening every day of the week, and people don’t realise it’s out there, but it’s a genuine threat and it’s a serious threat. Of course, it’s much better here than it is overseas, but with the globalisation of sport, with our cricketers going to India in the off season, they’re exposed. The one rule of life is, “Where there is money there is corruption” and there’s more and more money in sport and more and more gambling in sport and there would be more and more corruption in sport.

Francis Leach There is one example, not in Melbourne so much, but the Eddie Hayson example in Sydney is, in some ways, a perfect sketch of how that might operate. For people who don’t know that story, can you fill them in about the Eddie Hayson story and how that tangled web has drawn in NRL players, journalists and other high profile figures as sort of a DNA, or a strain of the disease of cheating in sport? Nick McKenzie I’ve been told we’re not in a defamation-free zone, so I’ll be careful here; this will be broadcast online. But basically Eddie Hayson is a colourful massive punter, he moves a hell of a lot of money as a gambler and has forged these – not unique ties, there are plenty of blokes like him, because there are colourful characters.

He knows NRL players, top-tier NRL players very well, he knows organised crime figures well; he used to run a famous brothel called Stilettos in Sydney, where lawyers, journos, footie players; everybody, passes through. He’s a great cultivator of people and information, and he also loves a punt and loves to win and, with all those factors, he’s been at the centre of a number of gambling scandals where the allegation is that NRL players have passed him information, or horse racing identities, inside information, or have collaborated with him to fix the outcome of sometimes tier 1 matches so he can win money. Now, that’s not been proven, so you’ve got to stress that, but he’s just a great example of the danger that’s there: when you’ve got somebody who does have that reach into professional sports, into organised crime, who’s got money to play with, his friends would say he’s a loveable rogue, and he also has the media onside, so he can sort of float through all the different stratas of society. Having a brothel in Sydney as well is, in his world, great cachet, or was. His critics would say he’s a real danger to the integrity of sport.

His mates and supporters say a great bloke who loves a punt. I’m not going to comment, for legal reasons. Francis Leach I’ll go to you with this, Paul and then you, Russell. It’s interesting, because if you read the Australian Crime Commission report that was released around the same time as the ASADA investigation began into the Essendon Football Club in February 2012, I think it was, that was at the core of what it wrote about.

It basically talked, at the heart of it, about just how quickly the slide was for professional sports people and semi-professional sports people into the web of influence within organised crime. When you read that, did that come as a shock to you, as somebody who’s involved with professional sports people, or did you get a sense that that was already a threat to the integrity of sport? Paul Marsh I think, given my international experience in cricket, I’ve seen exactly that play out, particularly in the subcontinent.

Francis Leach Tell us how it would work. Paul Marsh An example, there was quite a famous case of a Pakistani player by the name of Mohammad Amir, who’s just actually come back; I think he had a five-year ban. But he was basically, I suppose, groomed from the age of 15; they plucked him out as a talent, they put him into the national cricket academy in Pakistan, where a fellow called Salman Butt, who ended up being the captain of Pakistan, was there and took him under his wing. That then led into – and I’ll cut the story a bit short – an introduction to Salman’s agent. The agent then started talking to him about match fixing.

The kid was 16 or 17 by this point and had no idea about what all this meant. He was then brought into a situation where he’d had a conversation that had been taped and then therefore he was incriminated, and then the question was popped, and the agent said, “Ask your captain” which was by this stage the guy Salman Butt, “whether this is all okay”, and the captain said yes. All of a sudden he’s bowling no-balls in a test match at Lords, the News of the World have got hold of the sting and he’s in jail, along with two other team mates.

So often it’s a young kid being groomed from a very early age, and they’re in the middle of something that they just can’t get themselves out of. And there are heaps of examples in world sport of these types of things. A lot of it is just they’re young, innocent, stupid – whatever – but all of a sudden their lives are ruined by it.

The people that are approaching them are criminals; it is organised crime, because they see they can make money off the back of an action that they can control on the field. So it’s definitely happening. I think that report was a beat-up, in many respects. Francis Leach In what ways, do you think?

Paul Marsh I don’t think it’s been proven to be accurate as it was laid out that day. There are certainly examples, like Nick’s talked about; whether that’s following through with players actually fixing matches in this country, I’m not so sure about that, but I think the two sports that I’ve worked in – mainly in cricket – the players in this country are well awake to the threats here. I probably see it a bit less so with AFL; I’m not sure that this has really hit our code so much yet, but the fact it’s happened in rugby league is of concern, and it’s something that we’re very awake to. Francis Leach Russell, the story that Paul paints there reminds me, in a way, of the story of Sonny Liston 40 years ago, who was born and basically became a creature of the mob as a boxer and had to basically be at the beck and call of his paymasters right until he died. But it’s different now, isn’t it, because what we have is a more sophisticated organisation, a transglobal culture which is so much harder to police, and a more sophisticated approach to cheating, where it’s not just about winning and losing, but it’s within the match, within the contest itself, where you could be bowling no-balls and affecting the outcome of matches but, more importantly, delivering a payday to those who you’re working for.

The Most Important Casino Basics Part 2

By on May 29, 2018

Playing the Games
Most casinos offer a pretty good selection of table games. At the very least, you should be able to find blackjack, baccarat and roulette online; many casinos offer additional table games like Caribbean Stud, Craps, Red Dog, even Casino War and Three Card Poker—but sometimes the names are slightly changed.

Video poker is one of the more popular gambling games—while a few casinos only offer one or two types of video poker, the best casinos may offer as many as 10–15 different games, and some even offer multi-hand video poker.

And then there are slots: hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of different slot machines. Whether it’s single-line, three-line, 9-line, 3- or 5-reel, progressives, bonus games, you name it, they’ve got it somewhere on the Net. The best are the progressive slots, which often pay more—and hit more frequently—than the progressives you’ll see in Vegas. Some of the largest portals that feature these games include Slotland and Superslots.

All of these games are simple to learn—usually just a click or two—and they play as fast as, or faster than, land-based casinos. Some are multi-player, some are single-player; but after you take a break for dinner, or perhaps take the dog out for a walk, there will always be a seat waiting for you when you come back.

Is Online Gambling Safe?
That depends. There are still rogue casino operators out there that are looking for a quick kill but they are in the minority. Most online casinos today are honest, reputable and make payments in a timely manner.

Online Gambling is Fun!
Online casino gambling is here to stay—it’s fun, always available, and you have more of a chance of winning than you do at a land-based casino. So get your snacks and a few beers ready, turn on your computer, log on to the Internet and start up your favorite casino software—pretty soon you’ll need to travel to Vegas to get away from your computer, perhaps paid for with your online winnings!

The Most Important Casino Basics Part 1

By on May 28, 2018

One of the biggest advantages to online gambling is the wide availability of bonuses that online casinos offer. Some casinos give you money right off the bat for you to test out their games. Others require you to make a deposit in order to receive a bonus, which is either a percentage of your online casino paypal deposits added to your account, or a fixed amount received for an exact deposit of X dollars.

For example, Casino A might give you $10 free just for downloading, and $40 additional when you make your first online casino paypal deposits of $100 within seventy-two hours.

Casino B may offer you a bonus of 25% of the amount you deposit up to a certain limit.

The reason that online casinos can offer bonuses like this is  simply because they have a much lower overhead cost. Less staff, less equipment, no construction required, etc. And on top of that,they make you wager your deposit (and usually your bonus) at least three times over before you can collect your winnings.

It is very important that you read the terms and conditions which are either posted on the web site or included in your email offer—how many times you must wager the deposit and the bonus, the validity period of the bonus offer, and which games you can or cannot play in order to ensure your winnings are valid.

Making a Deposit
So you’re ready to make your first real money bet? There are usually a number of methods by which you can send the casino money.

Firstly, there’s your credit card: Visa and Mastercard are commonly accepted by nearly every online casino. However, many of you in North America may find that your credit card purchase will be rejected.

This is not because the casino doesn’t want your money; it’s because of a regulation at credit card companies, which forces the merchant (the casino) to identify the transaction as 7995:  the purchase of tokens for the purpose of Internet Gambling. Most banks in the US are afraid to accept these high-risk transactions and automatically reject the purchase.

If this is the case, you have two alternative methods of using your credit card—by opening up an account at either PayPal and use online casino paypal deposits or FirePay. You can tie your credit card to these accounts and the purchase will be identified as a pseudo-cash transaction instead of Internet Gambling transaction. These two methods are now  the most common ways by which North American residents deposit money into online casinos—and in some cases casinos will offer an additional bonus if you make a deposit by one of these methods.

Many casinos also offer incentives for making a purchase by Western Union—you can use your credit card to send funds by Western Union online, or you can always go to your nearest Western Union agent and hand over cash. Some casinos will even allow you to deposit money by other methods such as ACH (which is basically an electronic check), or by wire transfer, or Neteller.

Online Gambling History

By on April 20, 2018

The gambling history has always fascinated people with its myths and rumors about incredible winnings and heavy losses, huge sums of money won and lost overnight. The excitement of risking something of value with a hope of gain has been an irresistible and overwhelming force that made people gamble throughout the ages. Gambling history is rich with stories of famous people and gambling cities with their lively atmosphere of fun and amusement. Certainly, gambling history is deeply rooted into our culture and presents a tempting and easily accessible form of entertainment.

Gambling as the source of joy and misfortune has a long and interesting history that dates back to the invention of dice. In medieval times dice enjoyed enormous popularity amongst high class society and clergymen in particular. Faithful servants of church were so deep into the game that in an attempt to justify their obsession with dice they renamed it “the game of virtue”. They changed the look of the dice cube and depicted the images of saints instead of numbers. The rules of the game were extremely complicated, so was the outcome: the winner had to set on the right path the monk who came off second best.

In the 18th century gambling spread all over Europe and became an intrinsic attribute of high life. The first gambling house was legalized in Venice in 1626. At that time noblemen gathered in so-called “Casini”, “small houses”, for various purposes. Some sealed deals or discussed political issues there; the others gambled or enjoyed carnival (intimate) services. That is why the word “Casino” became associated with “vice” and “curse”.

The first gambling house was officially allowed in 1806 when Louis de Bonaparte honored with his presence a French casino. The 19th century gave gambling houses a new look with improved interior design and respectably-looking people playing the games. From that time on gambling became a popular hobby, whereas casino – a must-visit place for every affluent man.

In 1860 Monaco experienced financial difficulties and in order to improve the situation a highly successful casino operator Francois Blanc suggested opening a gambling house for the principality enrichment. Three years later “Monte Carlo” was built and became one of the most eminent and grand casinos in the world.

In the US casinos were strictly banned right up to 1932. As a result, a wide illegal network of “gambling unions” appeared. When the ban was lifted, Benjamin Segal built up the first casino in Las Vegas, which made the city the world centre of entertainment, fun and mirth.
Nowadays, the Internet has marked a new era in gambling history. Online gambling offers much more advantages compared to “brick and mortar” gambling houses. Playing online brings in the comfort of our own homes and gives an unforgettable experience of traditional gambling.

Keno Betting Options

By on March 19, 2018

Our Keno game is played with a traditional 80-numbered ticket and a draw of 20 numbers whose function is similar to a standard lottery. The ticket is sectioned into a two halves, with numbers 1-40 on the top and 41-80 on the bottom. We’ve added a fun twist to the game by presenting the ticket as a Castle wall, with the 80 numbers painted on granite blocks that make up the wall. Instead of drawing balls to announce winning combinations, we use a rock thrown from a catapult to hit the block corresponding to each number drawn. Will the rock smash the blocks you selected? It’s fun to watch the wall crumble as you find out!

The five different ways to bet on a Castle Keno ticket are:

  1. BET
  3. HIT ALL

Click on one of the links above to see a betting option’s description and payout table. After each game players may choose to stay with the same spots they played in the last game (by clicking on RE-BET button), or mark new spots on the ticket. Different betting options are enabled as you place your marks, however you may not mark more than 15 spots on any one game.


The BET option is enabled once you mark at least one spot on the Keno ticket. (When you click BET, the game starts – so don’t click it until you are finished marking your numbers.) You can mark up to 15 of the 80 possible numbers, but no more than 15. You are paid if one or more of the numbers you marked is smashed by a rock from the catapult. When a number you marked on the wall is struck by one of the rocks, that’s called a “hit”.

Let’s say you mark 7 numbers. If any 4 of those 7 numbers get hit, you are paid $5. If any 5 of those 7 numbers are hit, your payoff is $20. If 6 of the 7 numbers get hit, it jumps to $250, and if you hit all 7 numbers, you win $2000!

The following is the Bet option payout table for a $1.00 ticket. The way to read the table is as follows:

Mark 1
Hit Payout ($)
1 3
Mark 2
Hit Payout ($)
2 6
1 1
Mark 3
Hit Payout ($)
3 30
2 3
Mark 4
Hit Payout ($)
4 90
3 8
2 1
Mark 5
Hit Payout ($)
5 300
4 11
3 3
2 1
Mark 6
Hit Payout ($)
6 500
5 60
4 5
3 1
2 1
Mark 7
Hit Payout ($)
7 2,000
6 250
5 20
4 5
Mark 8
Hit Payout ($)
8 3,000
7 350
6 50
5 6
4 4
3 1
Mark 9
Hit Payout ($)
9 5,000
8 1,000
7 80
6 15
5 6
4 2
3 1
Mark 10
Hit Payout ($)
10 8,000
9 1,000
8 300
7 50
6 12
5 3
4 1
3 1
Mark 11
Hit Payout ($)
11 10,000
10 3,000
9 800
8 80
7 20
6 8
5 5
4 1
Mark 12
Hit Payout ($)
12 12,000
11 5,000
10 2,500
9 250
8 90
7 30
6 3
5 2
4 1
Mark 13
Hit Payout ($)
13 15,000
12 8,000
11 2,500
10 1,000
9 200
8 40
7 5
6 3
5 2
4 1
Mark 14
Hit Payout ($)
14 18,000
13 8,000
12 4,000
11 1,500
10 800
9 150
8 20
7 10
6 4
5 1
Mark 15
Hit Payout ($)
15 20,000
14 10,000
13 5,000
12 2,000
11 1,000
10 300
9 100
8 20
7 5
6 2
5 1


BET AGAINST is enabled once you have marked at least 8 Spots on the ticket. With this option you are betting that none of the numbers you mark will be hit by any of the rocks thrown. You are paid only if none of the marked numbers get hit. The following is the Bet Against Payout table for a $1.00 Castle Keno ticket.

Spots Marked Payout ($)
15 80
14 56
13 39
12 27
11 20
10 14
9 10
8 6


The HIT ALL option can be played with 2 to 7 Spots marked on the ticket. You are betting that all the numbers you mark will be hit. You will be paid only if all the numbers you marked are among the 20 hits on the wall. The following is the Hit All Payout table for a $1.00 Castle Keno ticket.

Spots Marked Payout ($)
7 28,000
6 5,600
5 1,150
4 240
3 48
2 12


The HIGH ROLLER option is enabled once you mark at least one Spot on the Castle Keno ticket. HIGH ROLLER is played almost like the normal BET option, but the Payout is on a different schedule where you have to Hit more Spots in order to get paid, but when you do Hit them the Payout is greater. The following is the High Roller Payout table for a $1.00 Castle Keno ticket.

Mark 1
Hit Payout ($)
1 2.80
Mark 2
Hit Payout ($)
2 11.20
Mark 3
Hit Payout ($)
3 40
2 0.80
Mark 4
Hit Payout ($)
4 160
3 4
Mark 5
Hit Payout ($)
5 680
4 10
3 1
Mark 6
Hit Payout ($)
6 2,000
5 72
4 6.40
Mark 7
Hit Payout ($)
7 6,000
6 280
5 24
4 1.60
Mark 8
Hit Payout ($)
8 12,000
7 720
6 80
5 12
4 1
Mark 9
Hit Payout ($)
9 20,000
8 3,200
7 240
6 32
5 7.20
Mark 10
Hit Payout ($)
10 24,000
9 3,200
8 600
7 104
6 32
5 0.80
Mark 11
Hit Payout ($)
11 24,000
10 12,000
9 1,000
8 100
7 60
6 17.60
Mark 12
Hit Payout ($)
12 28,000
11 16,000
10 4,000
9 800
8 120
7 32
6 6.40
5 0
4 1
Mark 13
Hit Payout ($)
13 28,000
12 20,000
11 12,000
10 2,000
9 600
8 80
7 16
6 1.60
Mark 14
Hit Payout ($)
14 28,000
13 20,000
12 12,000
11 3,200
10 960
9 400
8 40
7 9.60
Mark 15
Hit Payout ($)
15 32,000
14 28,000
13 24,000
12 20,000
11 2,400
10 440
9 120
8 28
7 7.20


TOP OR BOTTOM is the only option that is enabled before you mark the ticket. You only need to place your bet to be able to use this option. You are betting that the top or bottom half of the ticket will have significantly fewer hits than the opposite half. You don’t mark any spots, and you don’t need to choose the Top or the Bottom. You’re just betting that there will be a large difference between the hits each half gets.

The greater the difference, the bigger the payout. The following is the Top or Bottom Payout table for a $1.00 Castle Keno ticket.

Hits on Top
or Bottom
Hits on
Other Half
Difference in Hits
between Halves
Payout ($)
7 13 6 1
6 14 8 4
5 15 10 10
4 16 12 40
3 17 14 200
2 18 16 600
1 19 18 4,000
0 20 20 10,000

Keno Casino Rules

By on March 16, 2018

The word “Keno” has French or Latin roots (Fr. quine five winning numbers, L. quinifive each), but by all accounts the game originated in China over 2000 years ago. Legend has it that the invention of the game saved an ancient city in time of war, and its widespread popularity helped raise funds to build the Great Wall. According to one source, results of Keno games in great cities were sent to outlying villages and hamlets by carrier pigeon. Eventually, Chinese immigrants introduced Keno to the West when they sailed across the Pacific to help build the American trans-continental railroad in the 19th century.

Keno is similar to lotto games, in that players have a card or ticket with numbers that are selected in hopes of matching the numbered balls that are drawn during play. Early Keno games looked for a match of five numbers to win. Some Keno dealers used a large jar with a long, thin neck to tumble the balls. The neck was just wide enough to permit only one ball at time to flow, thus eliminating any argument about which number was drawn. For obvious reasons, this jar was called the “Keno goose”.

Game Play:

First, players must purchase a Castle Keno ticket. To buy a ticket, place a $1 chip in the circle marked “Place Bets” on the Betting Board. None of the betting options can become active until a ticket is purchased.

Next, players try to predict which numbers will be drawn by marking from 1 to 15 of the numbered blocks (“Spots”) on the wall. To mark a block simply mouse over the block and click it. The block will change color to indicate it has been marked. As you mark each block, the Spots counter at the bottom of the screen will increment. (Note that it is possible to mark more than 15 Spots, but the numbers can’t be drawn until the number of Spots is reduced to 15 or less). To remove a mark, just click on the block and it will change back to the original color (and decrement the Spots counter).

There are five keno betting options in Castle Keno. Each option requires a certain number of Spots to be marked before it becomes active. As you mark Spots, the buttons for the options will light up when you have satisfied their minimum and maximum Spots requirements (see Betting Options below).

When you are satisfied with the arrangement of your Spots, click the desired betting option on the Betting Board to start the game. Twenty rocks will be hurled toward the Castle, striking different numbered blocks at random. As each rock smashes a block in the wall, a flag will unfurl to display the corresponding number. When a number you marked on the wall is struck by one of the rocks, that’s called a “hit”.

After the final rock has found its target, the player will be paid according to how many of the rocks hit marked blocks based on the payout table for the chosen betting option.

Casino Gambling Terminology

By on January 17, 2018

Action The amount of money wagered
Active player One who is still in the pot
Bankroll A player’s total available gambling money.
Bet Wager
Blind bet A bet that certain poker players are required to make because of their betting positions.
Bluff In poker, players bluff when raising with a weak hand in hopes of driving out players with stronger hands.
Break-even point The break-even point is the point at which if you played forever, the bets you made would approximately equal the payoffs you’d receive.
Bug A joker
Bump To raise
Card sharp A person who is an expert at cards.
Carousel A group of slot machines that are positioned in a ring, enabling a change person to stand in the center.
Cashier’s cage The place in a casino where players may redeem their casino chips for cash.
Casino advantage The edge that the house has over the players
Check In casino gambling, a check is another term for a chip. In poker, a player can check in order to stay in the game but not bet.
Chips Round tokens that are used on casino gaming tables in lieu of cash.
Cold A player on a losing streak, or a slot machine that isn’t paying out.
Comps Complimentary gifts used by casinos to entice players to gamble. Typical comps include free room, food and beverage.
Croupier The French word for dealer, used in the games of baccarat and roulette.
Cut When the dealer divides a deck into two parts and inverts them after they have been well shuffled.
Cut card A card of different color that is used to cut a deck of cards.
Deal To give out the cards during a hand
Deuce A two
Dice Two identical numbered cubes
Die Singular for dice, a cube with numbers 1-6 on each side
Dime bet A $1000 wager
Edge An advantage over an opponent
Expected win rate A percentage of the total amount of money wagered that you can expect to win or lose over time
Face cards The jack, queen, and king of any suit of cards
Front money Cash or bank checks deposited with the casino to establish credit for a player who bets against that money
Four of a kind Four cards of the same rank, also known as quads
Hand Refers to the cards that you hold, or to everything that happens in a card game between shuffles of the deck
High roller A big bettor
Holding your own Breaking even
Hot A player who is on a winning streak, or a slot machine that is paying out
House edge The percentage of each bet that you make that the house takes in. Winning bets are paid off at less than the true odds to generate income for the house
Jackpot A big win on a slot machine
Marker A check that can be written at the gaming tables by a player who has established credit with the casino
Number pool The range of numbers from which you select the ones you want to play. A typical lottery pool ranges from 1 to 60, and the keno pool is 1 to 80
Nut Either the overhead costs of running a casino, or the fixed amount that a gambler decides to win in a day
Odds Ratio of probabilities
Overlay A good bet where you have an edge over the casino
Pair Any two cards that have the same rank
Pass To not bet, to fold
Pay cycle A theoretical expression that reflects the number of plays required for the machine to cycle through all possible winning and nonwinning combinations
Payoff Your payback; the return you see on a wager
Payout percentage Also referred to as the payback percentage, the percent of each dollar played in a video or slot machine that the machine is programmed to return to the player. Payback percentage is 100 percent minus the house edge
Pit An area of a casino in which a group of table games are arranged, where the center area is restricted to dealers and other casino personnel
Pit boss The person who supervises all the games and casino personnel associated with a pit during a particular work shift. Pit bosses are in place to watch for cheating, settle disputes, and give comps to big bettors
Pressing A player is pressing the bet when they let winnings ride by wagering them along with the original bet
Probability A branch of mathematics that measures the likelihood that an event will occur. Probabilities are expressed as numbers between 0 and 1. The probability of an impossible event is 0, while an event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1
Quads Four of a kind
Rank The worth of a set of cards
RFB High rollers are comped with free room, food, and beverage
Session A series of plays at any gambling game
Shuffle Before each hand the dealer mixes up the order of the cards
Three of a kind Three cards of the same rank
Toke A tip given to the dealer in the form of money or chips
Trey A three
True odds The ratio of the number of times one event will occur to the number of times another event will occur. The odds posted in a casino are usually not the true odds
Underlay A bad bet; an event that has more money bet on its happening than can be justified by the probability of it happening
Vigorish The fee, or commission taken by the house
VIP A big bettor that is worthy of full complimentary treatment

Casino Gambling Jokes

By on December 23, 2017

Man walks along a lonely beach. Suddenly he hears a deep voice: DIG ! He looks around: nobody’s there. I am having hallucinations, he thinks. Then he hears the voice again: I SAID, DIG !
So he starts to dig in the sand with his bare hands, and after some inches, he finds a small chest with a rusty lock. The deep voice says: OPEN !
Ok, the man thinks, let’s open the thing. He finds a rock with which to destroy the lock, and when the chest is finally open, he sees a lot of gold coins. The deep voice says: TO THE CASINO !
Well the casino is only a few miles away, so the man takes the chest and walks to the casino. The deep voice says: ROULETTE !
So he changes all the gold into a huge pile of roulette tokens and goes to one of the tables, where the players gaze at him with disbelief. The deep voice says: 27 !
He takes the whole pile and drops it at the 27. The table nearly bursts. Everybody is quiet when the croupier throws the ball.
The ball stays at the 26.
The deep voice says: SH*T !

A blackjack dealer and a player with a thirteen count in his hand were arguing about whether or not it was appropriate to tip the dealer.
The player said, “When I get bad cards, it’s not the dealers fault. Accordingly, when I get good cards, the dealer obviously had nothing to do with it so why should I tip him?” The dealer said, “When you eat out do you tip the waiter?” “Yes.” “Well then, he serves you food, I’m serving you cards so you should tip me.”
” OK, but, the waiter gives me what I ask for…I’ll take an eight.”


On a recent weekend in Atlantic City, a woman won a bucketful of quarters at a slot machine. She took a break from the slots for dinner with her husband in the hotel dining room. But first she wanted to stash the quarters in her room.
” I’ll be right back and we’ll go to eat,” she told her husband and she carried the coin-laden bucket to the elevator. As she was about to walk into the elevator she noticed two men already aboard. Both were black.
One of them was big … very big … an intimidating figure. The woman froze. Her first thought was: These two are going to rob me. Her next thought was: Don’t be a bigot, they look like perfectly nice gentlemen. But racial stereotypes are powerful, and fear immobilized her.
She stood and stared at the two men. She felt anxious, flustered, ashamed. She hoped they didn’t read her mind, but knew they surely did; her hesitation about joining them on the elevator was all too obvious.
Her face was flushed. She couldn’t just stand there, so with a mighty effort of will she picked up one foot and stepped forward and followed with the other foot and was on the elevator. Avoiding eye contact, she turned around stiffly and faced the elevator doors as they closed. A second passed, and then another second, and then another.
Her fear increased! The elevator didn’t move. Panic consumed her. My God, she thought, I’m trapped and about to be robbed! Her heart plummeted. Perspiration poured from every pore. Then….one of the men said, “Hit the floor,” Instinct told her: Do what they tell you. The bucket of quarters flew upwards as she threw out her arms and collapsed on the elevator carpet. A shower of coins rained down on her. Take my money and spare me, she prayed. More seconds passed. She heard one of the men say politely, “Ma’am, if you’ll just tell us what floor you’re going to, we’ll push the button,”
The one who said it had a little trouble getting the words out. He was trying mightily to hold in a belly laugh. She lifted her head and looked up at the two men.
They reached down to help her up. Confused, she struggled to her feet. “When I told my man here to hit the floor,” said the average sized one, “I meant that he should hit the elevator button for our floor. I didn’t mean for you to hit the floor, ma’am.” He spoke genially.
He bit his lip. It was obvious he was having a hard time not laughing. She thought: My God, what a spectacle I’ve made of myself. She was too humiliated to speak. She wanted to blurt out an apology, but words failed her. How do you apologize to two perfectly respectable gentlemen for behaving as though they were going to rob you? She didn’t know what to say. The three of them gathered up the strewn quarters and refilled her bucket.
When the elevator arrived at her floor they insisted on walking her to her room. She seemed a little unsteady on her feet, and they were afraid she might not make it down the corridor. At her door they bid her a good evening. As she slipped into her room she could hear them roaring with laughter while they walked back to the elevator.
The woman brushed herself off. She pulled herself together and went downstairs for dinner with her husband. The next morning flowers were delivered to her room — a dozen roses.
Attached to EACH rose was a crisp one hundred dollar bill. The card said: “Thanks for the best laugh we’ve had in years.”
It was signed, Eddie Murphy and Michael Jordan